Advocating for human rights, in the present, would be hugely compromised if it would not involve assuring women’s rights. A reality not only in societies directly affected by violent conflict, women’s rights violations are receiving being ever more attention by both non-governmental and official institutions. However, there still is a long way to establishing practices that enable women’s security, dignity and active participation.
Interesting perspectives are being presented by organizations and practitioners in various fields, such as conflict resolution and peacebuilding. Examples are the advocacy for women participation on the process of state-building in the newly established South-Sudan, on community-based conflict resolution in Afghanistan and on the process of recovery and transitional justice in Rwanda. In this last case, women’s participation in politics and in the economy is currently an example, with achievements that surpass those of all other countries worldwide, according to the UN.
Another interesting trend is the inclusiveness of gender perspectives on setting new agricultural frames for the production of food in South American countries. The notion of food sovereignty is widely propagated by the Via Campesina international organization, and it is constantly being linked to women’s rights and participation, relating it to the food production and distribution not only in poverty situations but also as an economic model. According to the Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO), about 50% of the world’s food production is carried out by women, and this number rises to about 60-80% in the countries of the “South”.
These are some examples of the importance of protecting and promoting women’s rights, inclusiveness and participation, empowering them to overcome situations of risk in environments of direct or indirect violence. It would not only promote their rights as human beings but would also enable them to contribute to the development of a peace frame for their society, building new paradigms of relations and production, achieving higher levels of social justice and equality in general.